Short Dark Tetrad, SD4

Online version of the Short Dark Tetrad (SD4) by Delroy L. Paulhus. This 28-item instrument captures subclinical versions of narcissism, machiavellianism, psychopathy, and sadism.

In 2002, Paulhus and Williams coined the term Dark Triad to refer to a constellation of three socially offensive personality variables: machiavellianism (a manipulative attitude), narcissism (excessive self-love), and psychopathy (lack of empathy). Consensus is emerging that the constellation of dark personalities should include the sadistic personality.

Author: D. Paulhus et al. (2020)

Test is provided for educational and entertainment use only. It is not intended to be a psychological advice of any kind, and come without any guarantee of accuracy or validity. Assesment is free and anonymous. You can save the direct link to your results.