Short Dark Tetrad, SD4

Online version of The Short Dark Tetrad (SD4) by Delroy L. Paulhus. This 28-item instrument captures subclinical versions of narcissism, machiavellianism, psychopathy, and sadism.

In 2002, Paulhus and Williams coined the term Dark Triad to refer to a constellation of three socially offensive personality variables: machiavellianism (a manipulative attitude), narcissism (excessive self-love), and psychopathy (lack of empathy). Consensus is emerging that the constellation of dark personalities should include the sadistic personality.

Test is provided for educational and entertainment use only. It is not intended to be a psychological advice of any kind, and come without any guarantee of accuracy or validity. Assesment is free and anonymous. You can save the direct link to your results.