PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING ONLINE

Short Dark Tetrad, SD4

Online version of the Short Dark Tetrad (SD4) by Delroy L. Paulhus. This 28-item instrument captures subclinical versions of narcissism, machiavellianism, psychopathy, and sadism.

In 2002, Paulhus and Williams coined the term Dark Triad to refer to a constellation of three socially offensive personality variables: machiavellianism (a manipulative attitude), narcissism (excessive self-love), and psychopathy (lack of empathy). Consensus is emerging that the constellation of dark personalities should include the sadistic personality.

Authors: Delroy L. Paulhus, E. Buckels, P. Trapnell, D. Jones (2020)

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