Short Dark Triad, SD3
Online version of the Short Dark Triad (SD3) by Delroy L. Paulhus. This 27-item instrument captures subclinical versions of narcissism, machiavellianism, and psychopathy.
The Dark Triad personality traits are three closely related yet independent personality traits that all have a somewhat malevolent connotation. The three traits are machiavellianism (a manipulative attitude), narcissism (excessive self-love), and psychopathy (lack of empathy).
- Jones, D. N., Paulhus, D. L. Introducing the Short Dark Triad (SD3): A brief measure of dark personality traits. . Assessment, 2014. 21