Online version of the Ruminative Responses Scale (RRS), a self-report measure of rumination – a method of coping with negative mood characterized by self-refection as well as a repetitive and passive focus on one's negative emotions.
Author: S. Nolen-Hoeksema et al. (1999)
Test is provided for educational and entertainment use only. It is not intended to be a psychological advice of any kind, and come without any guarantee of accuracy or validity. Assesment is free and anonymous. You can save the direct link to your results.
- W. Treynor, R. Gonzalez, S. Nolen-Hoeksema. Rumination Reconsidered: A Psychometric Analysis // Cognitive Therapy and Research, 2003. 27(3)