Drama Triangle Scale
• Victims communicate helplessness and oppression and perceive that primarily undesirable and uncontrollable events have happened and will happen to them. Although people assuming this role may or may not be actual victims, these individuals believe that they are unable to make decisions, have difficulties solving their problems, and perceive powerlessness against others. They are characterized by negative feelings and depressed states. Victimhood yields painful emotional experiences, including anxiety, fear, hopelessness, and sadness. In the dynamic of the drama triangle, every conflict scenario requires a person adopting the Victim role, because Victims receive blame from the Persecutor and help from the Rescuer.
• Rescuers are personified by the elevated need or desire to help others. Rescuers possess the mindset that they are peacemakers, saints, or martyrs, and consequently go out of their way to help people they believe to be too psychologically, emotionally, or physically weak to fend for themselves. The social life of Rescuers tend to be in the state of disarray, as they spend excessive time and efforts to improve, change, or control the behaviors of others. Rescuers believe that they know what is best for others by offering unsolicited advice and help. Their emotional states are portrayed by feelings of euphoria, self-importance, and excitement especially during acts of helping others.
• Persecutors are characterized as aggressive and hypercritical and blame others for their adversities. These individuals operate as perpetrators owing to superiority and entitlement beliefs and therefore possess proclivities to attack and demean others. Persecutors deem themselves to be always correct and are prone to pointing the finger at others in episodes of interpersonal conflict. Consequently, Persecutors remain stuck in toxic behavioral patterns by antagonizing and oppressing those perceived to be the source of their frustrations. Persecutors tend to experience and express feelings of anger, irritation, and rage toward others.
- A. Lac, C. D. Donaldson. Development and Validation of the Drama Triangle Scale: Are You a Victim, Rescuer, or Persecutor? // Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Sep. 2020