Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, LSRP

Test scores

Psychopathy Scale
[ average score ]
Primary factor
Secondary factor
lowaveragehigh score

norms from Brinkley et al. (USA, n=549)



Primary Factor

A selfish, uncaring, manipulative posture towards others.

The subtype known as primary psychopathy refers to individuals who are completely rational, lack anxiety and have high levels of interpersonal charm. Whilst these behaviours appear incredibly adaptive, primary psychopaths are also prone to dysfunctional and pathological traits such as an inability to learn from past mistakes and a lack of responsibility.

Secondary Factor

Impulsivity and a self-defeating lifestyle.

Secondary psychopaths are individuals not dissimilar to primary psychopaths in the sense that they still share many of the same characteristics and traits. However, unlike the primary psychopath, the secondary psychopath is more likely to suffer from intense emotional arousal and psychological issues. As well as this, research conducted on adult psychopaths has suggested that secondary psychopaths are more prone to participate in drug abuse, suicide and interpersonal aggression. Overall, what differentiates secondary psychopaths from primary psychopaths is their destructive behaviour as well an increased reactivity and impulsivity and an inability to control their emotions effectively.